В этой статье мы покажем отображение пакетов, которые были установлены автоматически для удовлетворения различных зависимостей и больше не требуются.

Во время обычных операций по управлению пакетами вы будете проинформированы о пакетах, которые больше не требуются.

$ sudo apt --yes upgrade
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  enchant geoip-database gir1.2-mutter-5 gsfonts libapt-pkg5.90 libbind9-161 libboost-date-time1.67.0 libboost-filesystem1.67.0
  libboost-iostreams1.67.0 libboost-system1.67.0 libboost-thread1.67.0 libbrlapi0.6 libdns-export1107 libdns1107 libdns1109
  libenchant1c2a libexiv2-14 libffi6 libfprint0 libgeoip1 libgnome-desktop-3-18 libgspell-1-1 libgutenprint-common libgutenprint9
  libicu63 libicu65 libiptc0 libirs161 libisc-export1104 libisc1104 libisc1105 libisccc161 libisccfg163 liblwres161 libmozjs-60-0
  libmutter-5-0 libnfs12 liboauth0 libpoppler90 libpython3.7 libpython3.7-minimal libpython3.7-stdlib
  linux-modules-extra-5.4.0-9-generic printer-driver-gutenprint python3-asn1crypto python3.7 python3.7-minimal ubuntu-software
Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following packages will be upgraded:
  evince evince-common fonts-noto-mono gir1.2-gweather-3.0 libevdocument3-4 libevview3-3 libgweather-3-16 libgweather-common
8 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 1027 kB of archives.
After this operation, 1024 B of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://pl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/main amd64 evince-common all 3.36.0-2 [129 kB]
Get:2 http://pl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/main amd64 evince amd64 3.36.0-2 [249 kB]
Get:3 http://pl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/main amd64 libevdocument3-4 amd64 3.36.0-2 [198 kB]
Get:4 http://pl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/main amd64 libevview3-3 amd64 3.36.0-2 [125 kB]
Get:5 http://pl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/main amd64 fonts-noto-mono all 20200323-1 [80.8 kB]
Get:6 http://pl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/main amd64 libgweather-common all 3.36.0-1 [169 kB]
Get:7 http://pl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/main amd64 libgweather-3-16 amd64 3.36.0-1 [68.0 kB]
Get:8 http://pl.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/main amd64 gir1.2-gweather-3.0 amd64 3.36.0-1 [7352 B]
Fetched 1027 kB in 0s (3094 kB/s)            
(Reading database ... 263292 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../0-evince-common_3.36.0-2_all.deb ...
Unpacking evince-common (3.36.0-2) over (3.36.0-1) ...
Preparing to unpack .../1-evince_3.36.0-2_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking evince (3.36.0-2) over (3.36.0-1) ...
Preparing to unpack .../2-libevdocument3-4_3.36.0-2_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libevdocument3-4:amd64 (3.36.0-2) over (3.36.0-1) ...
Preparing to unpack .../3-libevview3-3_3.36.0-2_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libevview3-3:amd64 (3.36.0-2) over (3.36.0-1) ...
Preparing to unpack .../4-fonts-noto-mono_20200323-1_all.deb ...
Unpacking fonts-noto-mono (20200323-1) over (20200103-3) ...
Preparing to unpack .../5-libgweather-common_3.36.0-1_all.deb ...
Unpacking libgweather-common (3.36.0-1) over (3.34.0-1) ...
Preparing to unpack .../6-libgweather-3-16_3.36.0-1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libgweather-3-16:amd64 (3.36.0-1) over (3.34.0-1) ...
Preparing to unpack .../7-gir1.2-gweather-3.0_3.36.0-1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking gir1.2-gweather-3.0:amd64 (3.36.0-1) over (3.34.0-1) ...
Setting up libgweather-common (3.36.0-1) ...
Setting up fonts-noto-mono (20200323-1) ...
Setting up evince-common (3.36.0-2) ...
Setting up libevdocument3-4:amd64 (3.36.0-2) ...
Setting up libevview3-3:amd64 (3.36.0-2) ...
Setting up evince (3.36.0-2) ...
Installing new version of config file /etc/apparmor.d/abstractions/evince ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.1-1) ...
Processing triggers for fontconfig (2.13.1-2ubuntu2) ...
Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils (0.24-1ubuntu2) ...
Processing triggers for mime-support (3.64ubuntu1) ...
Processing triggers for hicolor-icon-theme (0.17-2) ...
Processing triggers for gnome-menus (3.36.0-1ubuntu1) ...
Processing triggers for libglib2.0-0:amd64 (2.64.1-1) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.31-0ubuntu6) ...
Setting up libgweather-3-16:amd64 (3.36.0-1) ...
Setting up gir1.2-gweather-3.0:amd64 (3.36.0-1) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.31-0ubuntu6) ...

Как отобразить только эти пакеты.

$ sudo apt --dry-run autoremove
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following packages will be REMOVED:
  enchant geoip-database gir1.2-mutter-5 gsfonts libapt-pkg5.90 libbind9-161 libboost-date-time1.67.0 libboost-filesystem1.67.0
  libboost-iostreams1.67.0 libboost-system1.67.0 libboost-thread1.67.0 libbrlapi0.6 libdns-export1107 libdns1107 libdns1109
  libenchant1c2a libexiv2-14 libffi6 libfprint0 libgeoip1 libgnome-desktop-3-18 libgspell-1-1 libgutenprint-common libgutenprint9
  libicu63 libicu65 libiptc0 libirs161 libisc-export1104 libisc1104 libisc1105 libisccc161 libisccfg163 liblwres161 libmozjs-60-0
  libmutter-5-0 libnfs12 liboauth0 libpoppler90 libpython3.7 libpython3.7-minimal libpython3.7-stdlib
  linux-modules-extra-5.4.0-9-generic printer-driver-gutenprint python3-asn1crypto python3.7 python3.7-minimal ubuntu-software
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 48 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Remv enchant [1.6.0-11.3build1]
Remv geoip-database [20191224-2]
Remv gir1.2-mutter-5 [3.34.3-1ubuntu1]
Remv gsfonts [1:8.11+urwcyr1.0.7~pre44-4.4]
Remv libapt-pkg5.90 [1.9.10]
Remv libbind9-161 [1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1]
Remv libboost-date-time1.67.0 [1.67.0-17ubuntu7]
Remv libboost-filesystem1.67.0 [1.67.0-17ubuntu7]
Remv libboost-iostreams1.67.0 [1.67.0-17ubuntu7]
Remv libboost-thread1.67.0 [1.67.0-17ubuntu7]
Remv libboost-system1.67.0 [1.67.0-17ubuntu7]
Remv libbrlapi0.6 [5.6-11ubuntu5]
Remv libdns-export1107 [1:9.11.14+dfsg-3ubuntu1]
Remv libdns1107 [1:9.11.14+dfsg-3ubuntu1]
Remv libirs161 [1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1]
Remv libisccfg163 [1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1]
Remv libdns1109 [1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1]
Remv libgspell-1-1 [1.6.1-2]
Remv libenchant1c2a [1.6.0-11.3build1]
Remv libexiv2-14 [0.25-4ubuntu3]
Remv libffi6 [3.2.1-9]
Remv libfprint0 [1:1.0-1]
Remv libgeoip1 [1.6.12-6build1]
Remv libmutter-5-0 [3.34.3-1ubuntu1]
Remv libgnome-desktop-3-18 [3.34.2-2ubuntu1]
Remv printer-driver-gutenprint [5.3.3-4]
Remv libgutenprint9 [5.3.3-4]
Remv libgutenprint-common [5.3.3-4]
Remv libicu63 [63.2-2]
Remv libicu65 [65.1-1ubuntu2]
Remv libiptc0 [1.8.4-3ubuntu2]
Remv libisc-export1104 [1:9.11.14+dfsg-3ubuntu1]
Remv libisc1104 [1:9.11.14+dfsg-3ubuntu1]
Remv libisccc161 [1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1]
Remv libisc1105 [1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1]
Remv liblwres161 [1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1]
Remv libmozjs-60-0 [60.8.0-2ubuntu5]
Remv libnfs12 [3.0.0-2ubuntu1]
Remv liboauth0 [1.0.3-4]
Remv libpoppler90 [0.80.0-0ubuntu5]
Remv libpython3.7 [3.7.6-1ubuntu2]
Remv python3.7 [3.7.6-1ubuntu2]
Remv libpython3.7-stdlib [3.7.6-1ubuntu2]
Remv python3.7-minimal [3.7.6-1ubuntu2]
Remv libpython3.7-minimal [3.7.6-1ubuntu2]
Remv linux-modules-extra-5.4.0-9-generic [5.4.0-9.12]
Remv python3-asn1crypto [0.24.0-1build1]
Remv ubuntu-software [3.35.91-0ubuntu1]

Удалим пакеты, которые больше не нужны.

$ sudo apt --yes autoremove
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following packages will be REMOVED:
  enchant geoip-database gir1.2-mutter-5 gsfonts libapt-pkg5.90 libbind9-161 libboost-date-time1.67.0 libboost-filesystem1.67.0
  libboost-iostreams1.67.0 libboost-system1.67.0 libboost-thread1.67.0 libbrlapi0.6 libdns-export1107 libdns1107 libdns1109
  libenchant1c2a libexiv2-14 libffi6 libfprint0 libgeoip1 libgnome-desktop-3-18 libgspell-1-1 libgutenprint-common libgutenprint9
  libicu63 libicu65 libiptc0 libirs161 libisc-export1104 libisc1104 libisc1105 libisccc161 libisccfg163 liblwres161 libmozjs-60-0
  libmutter-5-0 libnfs12 liboauth0 libpoppler90 libpython3.7 libpython3.7-minimal libpython3.7-stdlib
  linux-modules-extra-5.4.0-9-generic printer-driver-gutenprint python3-asn1crypto python3.7 python3.7-minimal ubuntu-software
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 48 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
After this operation, 360 MB disk space will be freed.
(Reading database ... 263292 files and directories currently installed.)
Removing enchant (1.6.0-11.3build1) ...
Removing geoip-database (20191224-2) ...
Removing gir1.2-mutter-5:amd64 (3.34.3-1ubuntu1) ...
Removing gsfonts (1:8.11+urwcyr1.0.7~pre44-4.4) ...
Removing libapt-pkg5.90:amd64 (1.9.10) ...
Removing libbind9-161:amd64 (1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1) ...
Removing libboost-date-time1.67.0:amd64 (1.67.0-17ubuntu7) ...
Removing libboost-filesystem1.67.0:amd64 (1.67.0-17ubuntu7) ...
Removing libboost-iostreams1.67.0:amd64 (1.67.0-17ubuntu7) ...
Removing libboost-thread1.67.0:amd64 (1.67.0-17ubuntu7) ...
Removing libboost-system1.67.0:amd64 (1.67.0-17ubuntu7) ...
Removing libbrlapi0.6:amd64 (5.6-11ubuntu5) ...
Removing libdns-export1107 (1:9.11.14+dfsg-3ubuntu1) ...
Removing libdns1107:amd64 (1:9.11.14+dfsg-3ubuntu1) ...
Removing libirs161:amd64 (1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1) ...
Removing libisccfg163:amd64 (1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1) ...
Removing libdns1109:amd64 (1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1) ...
Removing libgspell-1-1:amd64 (1.6.1-2) ...
Removing libenchant1c2a:amd64 (1.6.0-11.3build1) ...
Removing libexiv2-14:amd64 (0.25-4ubuntu3) ...
Removing libffi6:amd64 (3.2.1-9) ...
Removing libfprint0:amd64 (1:1.0-1) ...
Removing libgeoip1:amd64 (1.6.12-6build1) ...
Removing libmutter-5-0:amd64 (3.34.3-1ubuntu1) ...
Removing libgnome-desktop-3-18:amd64 (3.34.2-2ubuntu1) ...
Removing printer-driver-gutenprint (5.3.3-4) ...
Removing libgutenprint9 (5.3.3-4) ...
Removing libgutenprint-common (5.3.3-4) ...
Removing libicu63:amd64 (63.2-2) ...
Removing libicu65:amd64 (65.1-1ubuntu2) ...
Removing libiptc0:amd64 (1.8.4-3ubuntu2) ...
Removing libisc-export1104:amd64 (1:9.11.14+dfsg-3ubuntu1) ...
Removing libisc1104:amd64 (1:9.11.14+dfsg-3ubuntu1) ...
Removing libisccc161:amd64 (1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1) ...
Removing libisc1105:amd64 (1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1) ...
Removing liblwres161:amd64 (1:9.11.16+dfsg-3~build1) ...
Removing libmozjs-60-0:amd64 (60.8.0-2ubuntu5) ...
Removing libnfs12:amd64 (3.0.0-2ubuntu1) ...
Removing liboauth0:amd64 (1.0.3-4) ...
Removing libpoppler90:amd64 (0.80.0-0ubuntu5) ...
Removing libpython3.7:amd64 (3.7.6-1ubuntu2) ...
Removing python3.7 (3.7.6-1ubuntu2) ...
Removing libpython3.7-stdlib:amd64 (3.7.6-1ubuntu2) ...
Removing python3.7-minimal (3.7.6-1ubuntu2) ...
Unlinking and removing bytecode for runtime python3.7
Removing libpython3.7-minimal:amd64 (3.7.6-1ubuntu2) ...
Removing linux-modules-extra-5.4.0-9-generic (5.4.0-9.12) ...
Removing python3-asn1crypto (0.24.0-1build1) ...
Removing ubuntu-software (3.35.91-0ubuntu1) ...
Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils (0.24-1ubuntu2) ...
Processing triggers for mime-support (3.64ubuntu1) ...
Processing triggers for hicolor-icon-theme (0.17-2) ...
Processing triggers for cups (2.3.1-9ubuntu1) ...
Processing triggers for gnome-menus (3.36.0-1ubuntu1) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.31-0ubuntu6) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.1-1) ...
Processing triggers for fontconfig (2.13.1-2ubuntu2) ...
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