Сегодня я столкнулся со следующей ошибкой при попытке обновить систему Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.

$ sudo apt update

Пример вывода:

Get:1 http://ny-mirrors.evowise.com/ubuntu focal InRelease [265 kB]
Hit:2 http://linux.teamviewer.com/deb stable InRelease                                                                                                                   
Hit:3 http://ppa.launchpad.net/costales/yaru-colors-folder-color/ubuntu focal InRelease
Hit:4 http://ny-mirrors.evowise.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease  
Hit:5 http://ny-mirrors.evowise.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease
Hit:6 http://ny-mirrors.evowise.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease
Hit:7 http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb stable InRelease
Fetched 265 kB in 3s (99.8 kB/s)
Reading package lists... Error!
E: Encountered a section with no Package: header
E: Problem with MergeList /var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_universe_binary-i386_Packages
E: The package lists or status file could not be parsed or opened.
Я снова попробовал с помощью диспетчера пакетов Graphical Synaptic.
Но не повезло!
У меня такая же ошибка!
Это одна из распространенных проблем в системах на основе Ubuntu и Debian.
Внимательно прочитав вывод, я понял, что списки пакетов или файл состояния по какой-то причине повреждены, поэтому его невозможно проанализировать.
Для тех, кому интересно, файл состояния содержит информацию об установленных пакетах deb.
Мы можем решить эту проблему, удалив список поврежденных пакетов и файл состояния и повторно сгенерировав их, как описано ниже.

Решение ошибки «Encountered a section with no Package: header» на Ubuntu

Сначала удалите список поврежденных пакетов с помощью команды:

$ sudo rm /var/lib/apt/lists/* -vf
Приведенная выше команда удалит весь исходный список пакетов из вашей системы Ubuntu.

Вот пример вывода c Ubuntu 20.04 LTS:

rm: cannot remove '/var/lib/apt/lists/auxfiles': Is a directory
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/dl.google.com_linux_chrome_deb_dists_stable_InRelease'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/dl.google.com_linux_chrome_deb_dists_stable_main_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/linux.teamviewer.com_deb_dists_stable_InRelease'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/linux.teamviewer.com_deb_dists_stable_main_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/linux.teamviewer.com_deb_dists_stable_main_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/lock'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_Contents-amd64.lz4'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_Contents-i386.lz4'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_InRelease'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_main_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_multiverse_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_restricted_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_universe_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_universe_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_universe_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_universe_dep11_Components-amd64.yml.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_universe_dep11_icons-48x48.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_universe_dep11_icons-64x64.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-backports_universe_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_Contents-amd64.lz4'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_Contents-i386.lz4'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_InRelease'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_dep11_Components-amd64.yml.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_dep11_icons-48x48.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_dep11_icons-64x64.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_multiverse_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_multiverse_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_multiverse_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_multiverse_dep11_Components-amd64.yml.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_multiverse_dep11_icons-48x48.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_multiverse_dep11_icons-64x64.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_multiverse_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_restricted_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_restricted_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_restricted_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_restricted_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_Contents-amd64.lz4'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_Contents-i386.lz4'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_InRelease'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_main_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_main_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_main_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_main_dep11_Components-amd64.yml.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_main_dep11_icons-48x48.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_main_dep11_icons-64x64.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_main_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_multiverse_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_multiverse_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_multiverse_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_restricted_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_restricted_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_restricted_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_restricted_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_universe_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_universe_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_universe_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_universe_dep11_Components-amd64.yml.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_universe_dep11_icons-48x48.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_universe_dep11_icons-64x64.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-security_universe_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_universe_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_universe_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_universe_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_universe_dep11_Components-amd64.yml.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_universe_dep11_icons-48x48.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_universe_dep11_icons-64x64.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal_universe_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_Contents-amd64.lz4'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_Contents-i386.lz4'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_InRelease'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_main_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_main_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_main_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_main_dep11_Components-amd64.yml.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_main_dep11_icons-48x48.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_main_dep11_icons-64x64.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_main_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_multiverse_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_multiverse_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_multiverse_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_multiverse_dep11_Components-amd64.yml.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_multiverse_dep11_icons-48x48.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_multiverse_dep11_icons-64x64.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_multiverse_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_restricted_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_restricted_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_restricted_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_restricted_i18n_Translation-en'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_universe_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_universe_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_universe_cnf_Commands-amd64'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_universe_dep11_Components-amd64.yml.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_universe_dep11_icons-48x48.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_universe_dep11_icons-64x64.tar.gz'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ny-mirrors.evowise.com_ubuntu_dists_focal-updates_universe_i18n_Translation-en'
rm: cannot remove '/var/lib/apt/lists/partial': Is a directory
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ppa.launchpad.net_costales_yaru-colors-folder-color_ubuntu_dists_focal_InRelease'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ppa.launchpad.net_costales_yaru-colors-folder-color_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_binary-amd64_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ppa.launchpad.net_costales_yaru-colors-folder-color_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_binary-i386_Packages'
removed '/var/lib/apt/lists/ppa.launchpad.net_costales_yaru-colors-folder-color_ubuntu_dists_focal_main_i18n_Translation-en'
Теперь выполните следующую команду, чтобы пересобрать список пакетов:
$ sudo apt update
Это займет некоторое время, в зависимости от скорости вашего интернета.

После повторного создания списка пакетов выполните полное обновление, последовательно выполнив следующие команды.

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt upgrade
$ sudo apt dist-upgrade
После обновления системы Ubuntu очистите кеш пакетов:

$ sudo apt autoclean
$ sudo apt autoremove

Наконец, закройте все открытые программы и перезагрузите систему:

$ sudo reboot

Проблема должна исчезнуть.

На всякий случай, если вы все еще видите ту же ошибку, удалите файл состояния и пересоберите его, используя следующие команды:

$ sudo rm /var/lib/dpkg/status
$ sudo touch /var/lib/dpkg/status
$ sudo apt update
Не забудьте выполнить полное обновление системы и очистить кеш apt, а затем перезагрузить систему.
Поделитесь статьей:

Добавить комментарий